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Buddhist Monuments in Bangladesh

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Price : 900 ~ 1250 USD
Production Capacity : 2-15 persons
Delivery Time : APR-DEC 20
Visit Bangladesh on the concept of Buddhism !!!

In the early century Gautam Buddha was revered as a saint and not as a God. Buddha had taught that the continuous circle of births and rebirths could be overcome only by ‘the wheel of the law’ after which it would find eternal rest in Nirvana’.

In the first century AD a new school of Buddhism was founded which called itself the greater vehicle (Mahayana). According to the Mahayana Buddha was the incarnation of God. They called the older orthodox form of Buddhism; the lesser vehicle (Hinayana)’. The followers of ‘Mahayana’ could produce serene Buddha statues with the image God very wonderfully during the Gupta period (300-500 AD). In the later century there some mixture of two religions when some Hindu began worshipping Buddha as an incarnation of ‘Vishnu’. This mixture existed during the Pala dynasty which reflected on the lower set of terracotta tiles at Paharpur when the Hindu ‘Shiva’ and ‘Ganesh’ where also implanted.

The most important literary about Buddhist in India and Bangladesh could be traced from the travel report of great Chinese pilgrims. The most prominent ones were Fa-Hien who traveled overland between 399-414 AD, Huen Tsang traveled between 629-645 AD and I-Tsing travel between 671-692 AD.

Buddhism gained widespread acceptance all over India during the reign of emperor Asoka (273 -232 BC). During this period the Buddhism was also widely established in Bangladesh, particularly in the north Bengal. King Asoka also erected one great stipa in Mahastangarh in the 3rd century BC.

7th to 12th centenary A.D. Bangladesh passed the glorious period under the Royal Patronage of Buddhist Kings of Kharga, Chandra, Deva and Pala dynasty. During the Pala dynasty most of the Buddhist monasteries, stupas and religious centers were established of which Vasu Vihara at Mahastangarh, Sampura Vihara of Rajshahi, Salban Vihara of Comilla, Pandit Vihara of Chittagong, Vikramshila Vihara of Dhaka developed like universities, Monks and students from all over the world specially from Myanmar and china came to these places for study, philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, astronomy and other fields of knowledge.

Buddhist schools like Atish Dipankar Silbhadra, Santarakshit, Kamalsila, Jetari, Banasree, Naropa, Tilopa carried the light of Buddhism to the far distance of the ancient India. The mystic songs (Charyyapada) composed by the Buddhist monks mark the beginning of ancient Bengali literature, which is the foundation of great Bengali language.

Subsequent to the 12th centaury Hindu imperial of Sen dynasty ousted the Buddhist Palas from power and established their rule over Bengal. The Hindu kings were very much intolerant of Buddhism and as a result the sculptures and terracotta plaques of Hindu gods & goddesses replaced the Buddhist sculptures and terracotta plaques of Paharpur Monastery, Moinamati Vihara and many other Buddhist centers.

There are 1.2 million Buddhist who are the permanent citizen of Bangladesh are maintaining their tradition of Theravada Buddhism.

The following are the most outstanding & world famous Buddhist sites and tourism attractions in Bangladesh:

Paharpur Mahavihara:
This is the largest Buddist monastery in the sub-continent. The Nalanda Maha Vihara of India is ranked with this monastery. The Paharpur monastery is now world heritage declared by the UNESCO in 1985. This spectacular Vihara is located at Naogaon & 85 km (North-West) of Mahastangar of Bogra district in Bangladesh. Paharpur has been identified as the Somapura Vihara which was established during the great Pala dynasty of 8th centaury AD. It is build by the brick and adorned with terracotta tiles.

It is invariably an ancient fortified city acclaimed to be the oldest settlement and the most prominent archaeological site of Bangladesh. The oldest layer dates back to 4th century BC. The ancient Pundranagara, the capital of Emperor Chandragupta, the founder of Moyura dynasty.

Rangamati Buddhist Temple:
Rajban Bihar is an internationally well-known Buddhist temple wherein venerable spiritualist and principal of the monk of Rajban Vihara Shrimath Sadhana Nanda Mohasthabir (Ban Vante) was lived. Situated on 100 acres of land in the hill town, it is also an attractive place for the tourists. Any visitor can directly visit Chakma Royal Palace and talk to the royal family members. Barrister Debashish Roy is the present king of the Chakma community. Indigenous Museum offers many rare collections like attires, ornaments of indigenous people, depicting their socio-economic, cultural and historical traditions.

Attractions in Dhaka:
In the year 1608 Dhaka made capital of Bengal, one of the major province of Delhi Government. Dhaka was famous for its finest Muslin cotton in the world, but came to limelight during the Mughal era as the capital of Bengal; the city has remains of Mughal establishments, buildings from the British Kingdome and the legacy of the Kings of Dhaka. Dhaka was build by the river Buriganga during Mughals now called Old Dacca. Dhaka became a mega city now. But still old part of the Dhaka has reach cultural background of 400 years & it is a living museum.

Bandarban Buddhist Temple:
It is therefore fitting that the biggest Buddhist Temple in Bangladesh, is found here. The route to the Golden Temple is almost as stunning as the structure itself. Embraced by rich vegetation, seeing the royal staircase and temple rise above its surroundings is an indescribable sight. Its gold coloring announces to visitors that they are about to explore a magnificent site that is completely unforgettable. Its exquisite Arakanese architecture only enhances the beauty of the sculptures features here, which includes Bangladesh’s second biggest Lord Buddha statue. Other decorations, such as smaller statues and a golden bell resting underneath a dragon are a feast for the eyes. The Golden Temple is an important religious attraction and visitors should not miss out on the opportunity to visit this wonderful site.

Ramu is a typical Buddhist village, about 16 km. from Cox's Bazar, on the main road to Chittagong. There are monasteries, khyangs and pagodas containing images of Buddha in gold, bronze and other metals inlaid with precious stones.

One of the most interesting of these temples is on the bank of the Baghkhali River. It houses not only interesting relics and Burmese handicrafts but also a large bronze statue of Buddha measuring thirteen feet high and rests on a six feet high pedestal. The wood carving of this khyang is very delicate and refined.

The village has a charm of its own. Weavers ply their trade in open workshops and craftsmen make handmade cigars in their pagoda like houses.

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